HABIT BREAKING APPLIANCES FOR CHILDREN WITH THE THUMB SUCKING, TONGUE THRUSTING, MOUTH BREATHING
It is normal for the children to have to unhealthy oral habits. Some of such habits include thumb sucking, nail biting, tongue thrusting, mouth breathing etc. In order to control such routines, separate appliances are designed and manufactured. These appliances are known as habit breaking appliances. These appliances can either be of removable or fixed type.
The importance of these appliances can be estimated by the effect of the pernicious habits. If these habits are not controlled, they may lead to periodontal diseases, change in the shape of jaws & change in the teeth position.
Thumb sucking is the phenomenon in which the children suck either thumb or other finger. Although this condition is common in children below 3 years, most of them discontinue after this age. On the other hand, this habit can lead to many dentofacial changes.
The following devices can be employed to control this condition:
Blue grass appliances: These devices are mostly fabricated using Teflon. A modified six-sided roller constitutes these appliance. These devices are used for better control of the tongue, preventing the sucking process in a major way.
Fixed intra oral anti thumb sucking appliance: They are devices that are attached to the upper teeth. The fitting is done with the help of bands, that are usually fitted to the first permanent molar or primary second molar.
Quad helix: This appliance shall restrict the thumb from inserting. This can help in the correction of malocclusion.
This condition is also known as immature swallow or reverse swallow. During such a condition, the tongue is place in a wrong position. The tongue can be placed either to the sides or too forward. A constant level of pressure is needed for swallowing. However, constant exposure to such a pressure can force the teeth to go out of alignment. This habit is involuntary and it is relatively difficult to rectify.There are several types of tongue thrust. The major types of tongue thrusting are anterior open bite, anterior thrust, unilateral thrust etc.
Mouth breathing habits:
Normal respiration occurs through the nose. However in some cases, respiration occurs through mouth. This condition is known as mouth breathing. Changes might be present in the face due to this habit. The face of the child having this issue is known as adenoid faces. The major characteristics of such a face are narrow nasal passage and nose, short upper lip etc.
Using habit breaking appliance is regarded as the most effective way to treat this condition. On such device is oral screen. The oral screen prevents the inhaled air to enter the oral cavity. The oral cavity can also be closed.
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